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Intelligent factory construction for Industry 4.0

in the future, both factories and logistics will develop towards intelligence on the basis of automation. And how to build an intelligent factory and intelligent logistics system for 4.0, and what can we say, see and do from industry 4.0 to made in China 2025

smart factory for Industry 4.0

smart factory is the core element of industry 4.0. In the intelligent factory, not only the single equipment is required to be intelligent, but also all facilities, equipment and resources (machines, logistics appliances, raw materials, products, etc.) in the factory are required to be interconnected to meet the requirements of intelligent production and intelligent logistics. Through interconnection and other communication networks, everything inside and outside the factory is interconnected to form a new business model

in a sense, industry 4.0 uses CPS system to intelligently upgrade production equipment, so that it can intelligently analyze, judge, self adjust and automatically drive production according to real-time information, forming an intelligent factory with autonomous decentralized system (ads), and finally realizing large-scale, low-cost customized production in the manufacturing industry

when building intelligent factories, we should focus on four technical topics: modularity, digitization, automation and intellectualization. Modularity is a prerequisite for realizing large-scale production of intelligent factories and personalized customization of customer needs, which requires major component suppliers to transform to module suppliers, and participate in the whole process of product design, supply mode selection and modular logistics planning

digitalization, vertically, is to realize the digitalization modeling and interconnection of all levels in the factory and even each equipment; Horizontally, it is to build a full process supply chain integration system from customer demand to product design, supplier integration, manufacturing and logistics services

intellectualization, manufacturing enterprises should build a virtual real integration system to realize virtual design, manufacturing and assembly according to customers' personalized customization needs, and then complete the production and manufacturing process through intelligent factories, effectively solving the problems of long cycle, low efficiency and high cost of customized products. Therefore, in the smart factory, enterprises can realize zero distance dialogue with customers, and customers can also participate in the whole process of "intelligent manufacturing" of products in a variety of ways through the release of benefits that do not meet expectations

intelligent production for Industry 4.0

in the era of industry 4.0, with the full penetration of information technology into the manufacturing industry, it can achieve high flexible allocation of production factors and large-scale customized production, thereby breaking the traditional production process, production mode and management mode

the future is the era of intelligent joint production. Not only a single factory, but also multiple factories of an enterprise will build a virtual manufacturing system through joint construction to provide comprehensive intelligent support for enterprise production. Standardized, modular and digital product design is the premise of intelligent production

the German automotive industry has taken advantage of both the advantages of vulcanized rubber and the processability of thermoplastic plastics. The concept of low-cost customization has been introduced first, the product design has been standardized and modularized, and the production and manufacturing has achieved comprehensive informatization and deep automation, basically achieving intelligent production, intelligent assembly, intelligent logistics and intelligent supply chain management

take the BMW 3 series as an example. The engines of more than 325i to 335i models share the same production line, and most of the hardware is common. Only by selecting different electronic control and software products to realize the diversification of engine products, the core foundation of this low-cost, customized production is standardization. Therefore, BMW can meet the market demand of mass customization without changing the production pace, that is, every BMW car is produced according to customization

in the era of industry 4.0, manufacturing enterprises no longer promote production from top to bottom, but start from customer needs, realize the whole process pull production from order, customized design, procurement, logistics, production planning to production, and realize the interconnection of all links through the integration of virtual and real. This efficient and flexible way of stimulating production also represents the future development direction of the manufacturing industry

intelligent logistics for Industry 4.0

in the era of industry 4.0, customer demand is highly personalized, the product innovation cycle continues to shorten, and the production pace continues to accelerate. These are not only important issues faced by intelligent production, but also great challenges to the logistics system supporting production

intelligent logistics is the core component of industry 4.0. Within the framework of industry 4.0 intelligent factory, intelligent logistics is an important link connecting supply, manufacturing and customers, and it is also the cornerstone of building a future intelligent factory. Intelligent unit logistics technology, automatic logistics equipment and intelligent logistics information system are the core elements of building intelligent logistics

as the authoritative logistics planning and application research institution in Europe and the frontier of industrial 4.0 logistics technology research and application research, the German Logistics Research Institute (Fraunhofer IML) independently developed inbin intelligent turnover box technology. By adding a sensing and intelligent control unit to the turnover box, the intellectualization of the logistics unit is realized

the smart box can not only manage the inventory in the box without removing the two true screws of the gauge rod, but also report the status of the smart box to the superior system in time to realize the function of automatic demand and replenishment. The transportation system based on smart box can adopt decentralized control technology. Smart box is no longer a passive unit, but the "master" who gives orders to the transportation system. Under the command of the smart box, the conveying system can automatically deliver the box to the destination

on the other hand, an intelligent, efficient and flexible logistics system for Industry 4.0 can be realized through the integration of intelligent boxes and intelligent logistics equipment (such as the oil cup bolt tightening shuttle). In 2003, the German logistics research institute took the lead in developing the world's first light-duty high-speed shuttle multi shuttle, opening a new era of highly flexible automated logistics systems. Based on the multi shuttle, the German logistics research institute developed the amphibious shuttle "magic float" multi shuttle move that can walk on shelves and on the ground in 2011, breaking through the traditional barriers in logistics and production

in 2014, the self climbing spider cart rack racer was launched, breaking the last bottleneck of shuttle technology - the restriction of elevator on flow. Unlike traditional shuttle cars, each car can "think" independently. That is, what devices need to be connected with during walking, and how to deal with obstacles Can be solved intelligently and independently

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